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The compilation of this list was made possible in part through the support of the Australian Research Council Discovery Projects War and Displacement: From the Soviet Union to Australia in the Wake of the Second World War (DP130101215; CIs: Sheila Fitzpatrick (University of Sydney) and Mark Edele (University of Western Australia)) and Rethinking the History of Soviet Stalinism (DP120104384; CIs: Stephen Wheatcroft (University of Melbourne) and Sheila Fitzpatrick (University of Sydney). The sources were initially collated, researched and annotated by Dr Iva Glisic. Later additions were made by Mark Edele.

This list continues to evolve. If you are aware of online sources you believe should be added, please email details to

Anti-Soviet Electronic Library: Historical Materials and Books 

Website introduction is available in English, but all materials are in Russian.

This website contains a collection of published materials, including autobiographies, memoirs, samizdat literature, political and historical studies and works of literary fiction that express opposition to the Soviet system. It also provides links to other online collections of samizdat, memoir, and other literature.

Arkhiv Aleksandra Iakovleva

In Russian.

This online project contains material from the personal archive of Russian historian Aleksandr Nikolaevich Iakovlev (1923-2005). It contains documents pertaining to Iakolev’s life and work, including books, interviews, speeches and photographs; information on Iakovlev’s International Democracy Foundation, which was founded in 1993 with the aim of identifying and publishing previously unknown documents pertaining to Russian 20th century history; and a database of historical sources.

Arkhivy Rossii

In Russian.

The website of the Federal Archival Agency of Russia contains, alongside a wealth of other information, the electronic versions of numerous archival guides (Section Arkhivnyi fond Rossiiskoi Federatsii – Putevoditeli po rossiiskim arkhivam) and information on published collections of archival material (Section Izdaniia i publikatsii). The website also provides information and links to other relevant online archival projects.

Assotsiatsiia ‘Zapomnim i sokhranim’, Tsentr dokumentatsii evreiskogo natsional’nogo dvizhenia v Sovetskom Soiuze

In Russian and English.

The website of the Association Remember and Save, Archive of the Jewish Aliya Movement in the Soviet Union. This website contains a series of interviews detailing the position of Jewish people in the Soviet Union from the Second World War until the 1970s and 1980s, when the majority of the interviewees emigrated to Israel. While most cover periods during the 1960s and 1970s in greater detail, many interviews touch upon the Doctors’ Plot, Stalin’s death, the anti-cosmopolitanism campaign, and reactions to the 1948 Arab-Israeli War. The World Festival of Youth in Moscow in 1957, which gave the opportunity to many young Jews to make connections with the Israeli delegation, is also frequently covered. Some interviewees discuss evacuation during the War, and life in Tashkent during and after the War.

The memoirs section within this website is quite substantial, containing approximately 80 entries. Most entries focus on the 1960s and 1970s, but there are examples which also cover earlier periods. 

BBC Archive collections: Soviet Union and WWII

In English.

This website explores the uneasy alliance between Great Britain and the USSR during the Second World War, through a series of historical documents and broadcasts from the war years. 

BBC Russian service radio archive

In Russian.

This archive contains interviews with famous Russian and Soviet cultural and political figures including, for example, an interview with Stalin’s daughter Svetlana Alliluyeva, and Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn reading his novel One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich.

Boris Yeltsin Presidential Center

In Russian and English.

This website contains a number of virtual exhibitions pertaining to the life and work of Boris Yeltsin, and Russia in the 1990s.

British Library: Help for Researchers – Russia

In English.

This resource assists researchers in locating resources pertaining to Russia both within the British Library and online.

Central Bank of The Russian Federation - Pages from the archival collections of the Central Bank

In Russian.

Official site of the Russian Central Bank. Large number of volumes of declassified archival materials, covering, among other topics, the cadres of the State Bank of the Soviet Union (Gosbank), the interaction between Gosbank and Ministry of Finance, monetary policy, Soviet savings accounts, credit, the currency reform of 1947, the populations's income and expenditure from the 1920s to 1990, money in circulation during World War II, etc. etc. An essential resource for anybody interested in the economic history of the Soviet Union. 

Ceny pameti národa (Memory of Nations)

In multiple languages.

This portal – the Memory of Nations digitised archive of witnesses – was created in 2008 by three Czech institutions: the Post Bellum association, Czech Radio, and the Institute for the Study of Totalitarian Regimes. Its aim is to study 20th century totalitarian regimes (both Nazi and Communist), through the memories of witnesses and an engagement with various historical resources. The portal seeks to link and interconnect oral history projects that focus on similar topics from all over the world. It also contains an extensive collection of witness memories gathered by individuals, non-profit organizations, educational institutions, governmental and quasi-governmental agencies in Europe.


In English, German, and Hungarian.

Centropa is non-profit, Jewish historical institute dedicated to preserving 20th century Jewish family stories and photos from Central and Eastern Europe and the Balkans. The section ‘Centropa Interviews’ within the website contains a rich oral history source of Jewish life, which can be searched either by family name or by country.

Cold War International Project - Wilson Center

In English.

This website contains a rich source of materials concerning the Cold War period.

Cold War History Research Centre Corvinus University of Budapest

In English.

This website contains bibliographies and a collection of published documents pertaining to Hungary during the Cold War.


In Russian.

The website of the Institute of Demography within the National Research University Higher School of Economics provides resources for the study of demographic development within Russia and abroad. It also contains census data from the Imperial and Soviet era.

Dissertation catalogue

In Russian.

This is an electronic library of dissertations covering all research fields published in Russia. 

Facing Stalingrad: Portraits of German and Soviet Survivors (by Jochen Hellbeck)

In English.

The website contains a collection of interviews with both Soviet and German veterans who participated in the Battle of Stalingrad, as well as historical accounts of the events associated with the Battle and information on Stalingrad Memorials. The interviews were conducted in 2009 and are part of Jochen Hellbeck’s book project on Stalingrad.

Geroi strany

In Russian.

This project aims to create a database of biographies of those who have been awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union—the highest distinction in the country, which is awarded personally or collectively for heroic feats in the service to the Soviet state and society—as well as other major distinctions such as Hero of Socialist Labour. Following the fall of the Soviet Union, several of these distinctions continue to be awarded in Russia (such as Hero of the Russian Federation), and the website seeks to collect information on all recipients of these honours.

Getty Research Institute

In English.

The Library of the Getty Research Institute provides access to a large digital collection of works of Russian Modernism.

Gulag – Many days, many lives

In English.

This is a project of the Roy Rosenzweig Center for History and New Media at George Mason University. It contains a collection of original documentaries; an archive of documents and images; and teaching and bibliographic resources pertaining to the Soviet Union’s vast system of forced labour camps.

Gulag – Museum of Communism

In English.

This virtual museum houses a selection of sources on the history of the Gulag, including scholarly essays, documents, video materials, collections of images as well as a virtual tour of the Gulag camps. The project is supported by the non-profit educational organisation Victims of Communism Memorial Foundation.

Harvard Interview Project

In English.

The Harvard Project on the Soviet Social System Online provides access to digitised materials selected from the Harvard Project on the Soviet Social System (HPSSS). This collection consists chiefly of summary transcripts of 705 interviews conducted with refugees from the USSR during the early years of the Cold War. A unique source for the study of Soviet society between 1917 and the mid-1940s, the HPSSS includes vast amounts of one-of-a-kind data on political, economic, social and cultural conditions.

Ia pomniu - Vospominaniia veteranov Velikoi Otechestvennoi Voiny

In Russian, with a selection of interviews also available in English.

This is a large online collection of oral history pertaining to the Soviet experience of the Second World War. Materials published on the website are all classified into one of three sections: Veterans of the Great Patriotic War (Veterany VOV); Allies and Enemies (Soiuzniki i protivniki); and Contemporaries (Sovremenniki). The Veterans section is the largest; it contains a collection of wartime accounts by veterans, organised by military branch. There are also separate categories for civilians. The much smaller Allies and Enemies section is organised by country, and includes interviews with people from Germany, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Palestine, Serbia, Finland and Romania, as well as a section dedicated to the OUN-UPA. The Contemporaries section is dedicated to recollections by Russians and other citizens of the former Soviet Union who took part in other wars and conflicts, either in the time of the Soviet Union or in the wake of its dissolution, including conflicts in Korea, Angola, Vietnam and Afghanistan, as well as Egypt, Nagornyi Karabakh, Tajikistan and Chechnya.

International Institute of Social History, the Netherlands

In Russian and English.

The International Institute of Social History conducts research and collects data on the global history of labour, workers, and labour relations. Its website contains a section on Russia, which lists webpages of Russian archives and libraries, data archives, research institutions, museums and other useful links.

Istoricheskie istochniki na russkom iazyke v Internete - Elektronnaia biblioteka Istoricheskogo fakul’teta MGU im. M. V. Lomonosova

In Russian.

This website is an electronic library of the Lomonosov Moscow State University’s History Faculty. It contains historical sources in Russian, as well as links to other relevant online resources.

Istoricheskie materialy

In Russian.

The website contains a large selection of archival documents, published material, and statistical data pertaining to Russian history, as well as a collection of historical maps.

Kennan Institute Russian History Audio Archive